Mechanization

9. The main point of promoting farm mechanization is to increase productivity and alleviate labor shortages. In 1970, the government announced a four year plan to accelerate farm mechanization. A fund for this purpose was established 1977. For the most important crop, rice, nearly 100 % mechanization has been achieved for everything from planting to harvesting.

10. Sugar cane harvesting has long been mechanized. Though the importance of sugar has declined, it used to be the leading export crop, and it earned a great deal of foreign exchange.


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